Perú



General Information about Perú

Widely recognized for being the Inca Empire House, it’s this country that keeps one the biggest and richest archaeological and ceremonials places.
Like all Andean countries, it stands out for having a wide variety of climates and terrains. Its coast is ideal for fishing: 2 different (cold and warm) seas current meet and transform the Peruvian Ocean in an atmosphere filled with rich sea fauna.
Another unique Heritage of the Planet can be visited in Peru: the Galapagos Island, sanctuary of an enormous fauna with an incredible beauty and variety. Its turtles, Iguanas, sea birds and fishes turn it into a Paradise on the Pacific Ocean.


Official Name: Republic of Peru
Surface:1.285.215 Sq²
Population: 28.000.000 hab.
Capital:Lima (8.000.000 hab.)
Nationalities and ethnics groups: 54% natives, 32% mestizos, 12% Spanish ascendant, 2% Africa ascendant and an Asiatic minority.
Language:Spanish, Quechua, Aimará
Religion:more than 90% catholic, and a protestant minority.
Political Regime: Constitutional Republic
Main Economic Recourses:Cafe, Sugar, Paper, Cocaine leaves, Fish and its derivates, petroleum, zinc, steel, chemical agents, minerals, cement, assembly of automobiles, naval construction.
Tourist Visa: Citizens from Spain, United States, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Uruguay and Venezuela do not need a Visa. A 90 days permission is granted and susceptible to be prolonged. In case of Study or Business a Visa is indispensable.
Sanitary conditions:It is recommended to take Yellow Vaccine if you plan to get inside Amazonian forest.
The government advises to take and immunize against typhoid fever, tetanus, polio and A and B Hepatitis.
In the mountain range above 3000 meters altitude sickness can affect.
On the coast it’s necessary to protect against mosquitoes and the sun, very hard by the proximity to the Ecuator.
Local Time: GMT-5
Voltage: 220 V, 60 Hz
Weather:the country stands out by a temperate climate, with an annual thermal amplitude rarely more than 20ºC. It has 3 different climates, the Subtropical on the coast with warm summers and temperate winters; The Mountains are sunny all year round with an annual average of 15ºC, and the forests are tropical, humid throughout the year. The rainy station is from June to December on the Coast (winter)


Destinies

 

Lima:


with its beautiful squares, colonial buildings and the kindness of their people make a good scenery for visiting the Peruvian. The city downtown is very active with good stores and restaurants. The Miraflores district is the prettiest of the city with nightlife and excellent gastronomy.
Their museums make honor the Inca Culture.

Cuzco:


Called the city of the sun, was the cultural and politic centre of the Inca Empire. Nowadays, no doubt it is the one of the Archaeological capitals of the planet. The Spanish influence mixed with the Inca culture turn it as unique. The wood balconies with flowers gives it an own destination. Today, the Ethnic Inca (Quechua) groups are still the continuous predominating settlers with native characteristics. Surrounding Cuzco we can find an antique fortress and ceremonial centre, very well conserved. Among them, the most important are: Qenco, Puca Pucara, Machay, Sacsayhuamán and some kilometers away: Machu Pichu, considered the best archaeological deposit o the continent.


Machu Picchu:


It was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingam from Yale University (EEUU). Nowadays you can access it directly by Train from Cuzco through Aguas Calientes village or by trek doing the famous Inca Trail, which takes 4 days long.  The park entrance is restricted only to 500 daily people, so, booking in advance is recommended. From there you can appreciate the greatness of the Inca Empire.

Nazca:


Very well-known by the Nazca Lines. The origin of these strange lines is a mystery and they can only be seen from air, with planned flights. The figures that can be watched are: the monkey, the whale and the spider among others. There are some ideas that the series of lines without defined forms are part of a map that was used for water harvesting.

Iquitos:


Well-known for being an important city, from which it is possible to be accede the Amazon. It keeps an important patrimony of the golden time of the “Men of the Rubber”. Today with almost half million inhabitants it’s the unique city entirely civilized of the Peruvian Amazon.


Bordering countries

Argentina

Chile

Bolivia

Uruguay

Brasil


Related programs by destination

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