World Heritage Sites

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Argentinas Unesco World Heritage sites




Ischigualasto & Talampaya Natural Parks
(Natural Heritage, 2000)
Ischigualasto Provincial Park, in the Province of San Juan, is one of the most important paleontologic sites in the world. It is 25 Km long and 10 Km wide, and has fossil remains of vertebrates that inhabited the place in the Mesozoic era 180 million years ago, footprints of dinosaurs, fern leaf prints and petrified araucaria trunks. The landscape displays an extraordinary diversity of forms and colors.
The major attraction of Talampaya National Park (215.000 hectares), in the Province of La Rioja, are its steep cliffs of brick-red rock with thousand of distinctive shapes carved by erosion, where condors nest. The most popular area is a 3-Km-wide canyon with all kinds of sandstone formations and 150-meter-tall walls. The place is rich in precious archaeological remains such as stone mortars and pre-Columbian petroglyphs.


 




Glaciers National Park
(Natural Heritage, 1981)
Breathtaking landscape of impressive glaciers descending from the continental ice field. Thirteen glaciers on the Atlantic side break into huge ice towers which plunge into the waters of lakes Viedma and Argentino. Glaciers Perito Moreno, Mayo, Spegazzini, and Upsala's fronts fall into the latter, at a short distance from glaciers Agassiz, Onelli, Ameghino, and Frías. Tertiary granite elevations covered with thick Andean forests are also part of this spectacle. You can go sailing on the lakes to better appreciate the glaciers' front, or you may go trekking and climbing on ancient blocks of ice.







Humahuaca Gorge (Natural Heritage, 2003)
Departing from San Salvador de Jujuy, we reach this natural road leading to the altiplano (high plateau). Vividly coloured landscapes frame a group of villages with adobe houses, historical chapels and Pre-Hispanic ruins, where time seems to stand still. One of the most beautiful villages is Purmamarca, an indigenous village lying against the Cerro de los Siete Colores (Seven-colour Mount) which stratas illustrates various geological ages. Further on, there is an area of mountains with bright-coloured stripes, known as La Paleta del Pintor (The Artist's Pallet), in Maimará. One of the most outstanding attractions in this ravine is the Pucará de Tilcara, a fortified town built by the Omaguaca natives in pre-Columbian times. Humahuaca village was founded by the Spanish by the end of the XVI century. Its church and Carnival Museum exhibit some of the region's customs.


 



Guarani Indians Jesuit Missions (Cultural Heritage, 1984)
The Jesuit Missions of Guarani Indians - San Ignacio Miní, Santa María La Mayor, Santa Ana and Nuestra Senora de Loreto (Argentina), and Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil) - "represent an unprecedented economic and socio-cultural experience in history", as stated by the UNESCO in 1984, when the missions were granted World Heritage status. San Ignacio, Loreto, Santa Ana and Santa María, located in the Province of Misiones, can be visited within a 296-Km-long circuit of great scenic beauty. These missions, established in Argentine territory during the first half of the 17th century, were part of the 33 settlements comprising the Jesuit Province of Paraguay.


 



Península Valdéz (Natural Heritage, 1999)
There are several natural reserves with various species of marine fauna along the Patagonian coast, but none of them offers such a spectacular concentration of wildlife as the Peninsula Valdés. This peninsula located 1,400 Km to the south of Buenos Aires, projects into the sea forming two gulfs of sheltered waters, and it is a meeting point for the southern right whales, which arrive here to complete their breeding cycle between June and December.
There are also many sea lion colonies with a rich variety of birds, while the rest of the peninsula is teeming with other animals such as "nandúes" (rheas), "maras" (Patagonian hares) and "guanacos". The Isla de los Pájaros Reserve has thousands of sea birds (cormorants, gulls, terns, herons). Punta Pirámide has a colony of seals breeding there. Punta Delgada provides a shelter to seals and sea elephants. Caleta Valdés, a narrow promontory separating the open sea from a marine lagoon, is inhabited by seals, sea elephants, and Magellanic penguins, as well as "guanacos", "maras" and "nandúes" which arrive at the islands at low tide.
Ubicada a 1400 kilómetros al sur de Buenos Aires, penetra en el mar formando dos golfos de abrigadas aguas, lugar de encuentro de las ballenas francas australes, a donde acuden cada ano para cumplir su ciclo reproductivo, entre junio y diciembre.
También existen en abundancia colonias de lobos marinos, conviviendo con una rica avifauna, mientras que la tierra está poblada por nandúes (avestruz americano), maras (liebre patagónica) y guanacos. La reserva Isla de los Pájaros protege miles de aves marinas (cormoranes, gaviota cocinera, garza bruja y garza blanca); Punta Pirámide, con un apostadero de lobos marinos que se reproducen allí; Punta Delgada, refugio de lobos y elefantes marinos; Caleta Valdés, una estrecha lengua de tierra que separa el mar abierto de una laguna marina y en cuyas costas se congregan pingüinos magallánicos, lobos y elefantes marinos, además de guanacos, maras y nandúes llegados con la marea baja a sus islas interiores.
En la Punta Norte de la península se ubica el mayor apostadero continental del mundo de elefantes marinos del sur.



 



Jesuit Block and Estancias from Córdoba (Cultural Heritage, 2000)
The Jesuit settled in Córdoba in 1599, in the area granted by the Cabildo (Old Town Hall), where there was a little hermitage since 1589 which was not big enough to house the clergy, students, and the faithful. For that reason, in 1606 the construction of the new buildings began. historic buildings that are now part of the Manzana Jesuítica or Jesuit Block. Later on, other buildings were erected.
The Jesuit Estancias (ranches) in the Province of Córdoba, which are still in good conditions thanks to a well-preserved and carefully-executed architecture, are a unique example of the productive organization of the Jesuit fathers in Argentina.
Although history shows that these ranches were acquired by the Jesuit Order for economic reasons, namely to finance the order's schools and colleges, they "also participated in a missionary purpose, and thus became centers of religious dissemination".
The Jesuit Estancias in Jesús María, Caroya, Santa Catalina, La Candelaria and Alta Gracia can be visited within a 250-Km-long circuit through picturesque mountain roads.
These 17th century rural establishments within the Manzana Jesuítica - all of them national historic monuments - were declared World Cultural Heritage in year 2000.La Manzana Jesuítica de la ciudad de Córdoba comprende un bloque integrado por la Iglesia de la Companía de Jesús, la Capilla Doméstica, la Residencia de los jesuitas y el Rectorado de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba - antiguo Colegio Máximo de la Companía de Jesús - con sus dependencias administrativas, Claustro, Salón de Grados, Biblioteca Mayor y Colegio Nacional de Monserrat.
Las estancias jesuíticas de Córdoba son una muestra singular de la organización productiva de los religiosos de la Companía de Jesús en el país, que ha llegado a nuestros días a través de una arquitectura esmeradamente preservada.
Las estancias de Jesús María, Caroya, Santa Catalina, La Candelaria y Alta Gracia pueden ser recorridas en un pintoresco circuito de 250 km de caminos serranos.



 



Iguazu National Park (Natural Heritage, 1981)
Within the Iguazú National Park, located 18 Km. away from Puerto Iguazú and declared World Natural Heritage by the UNESCO in 1981, are the famous waterfalls. The river flowing waters fall from a height of 70 meters, through 275 falls, and over a 2.7 Km.-long area. The border with Brazil goes through the Garganta del Diablo (Devil's Throat), where many cascades produce sprays of water and colorful rainbows.
The National Park protects the subtropical vegetation surrounding the falls with over 2,000 plant species - gigantic trees, ferns, lianas, orchids, - 400 bird species - parrots, hummingbirds, toucans - jaguars and yacarés (caimans).

Dentro del Parque Nacional Iguazú, ubicado a 18 km de Puerto Iguazú y declarado Patrimonio Natural de la Humanidad por la Ul preserva la exuberante vegetación subtropical que rodea las cataratas. 2000 especies de plantas: árboles gigantes, helechos, lianas, orquídeas; y 400 aves: loros, colibríes, tucanes. Yaguareté, tapir, carpincho, gato onza, oso hormiguero y puma.

 



Cueva de las Manos, at the Upper Pinturas River (Natural Heritage, 1981)
To the south of the town of Perito Moreno, there is one of the most significant displays of cave painting in Patagonia. Over 9,300-year-old handprints and hunting scenes fill the caves and rocky walls of the Pinturas River canyon.
Cueva de las Manos (Hands Cave) receives its name from the human hand stencils appearing in the cave; however, there are not only human hands but also many animal depictions, such as guanacos (Lama guanicoe), rheas, and pumas, which are still common species in the region. The hunter-gatherer communities responsible for the paintings inhabited this remote area of the Patagonia until the arrival of European settlers in the 17th century.
Cueva de las Manos was declared World Cultural Heritage by the UNESCO in 1999.

La Cueva de las Manos, ubicada en el canadón del valle del Alto Río Pinturas, al sur de la localidad de Perito Moreno, presenta una de las manifestaciones de arte rupestre más significativas de la Patagonia.
Vestigios de la cultura patagoniense, que tienen una antigüedad de 9300 anos, pueblan las cuevas y aleros rocosos del canadón. Allí se conservan positivos y negativos de manos, escenas de caza, símbolos geométricos, pequenas serpientes, pinturas relacionadas con la fertilidad, pisadas de nandúes, pumas, danzas rituales y juegos de figura y sombra.


 


 

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